Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis & Chicago Railway Co. issued to/signed by M.E. Ingalls - Railroad Stock CertificateInv# AG2194A Stock
Melville Ezra Ingalls (1842–1914), commonly abbreviated M. E. Ingalls, was a Massachusetts state legislator who went on to become president of the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (the Big Four Railroad). Ingalls was born on September 6, 1842 in Harrison, Maine, where he worked on the family farm until he began teaching at the age of 16. After graduating from Harvard Law School in 1863, Ingalls began practicing law in Gray, ME before moving to Boston, Massachusetts, where he became an expert in corporate law, specializing in transportation lines. In 1871, he was retained as counsel to the Cincinnati and Lafayette Railroad and would eventually become its president. After multiple consolidations under his watch, the company became known as the Big Four Railroad. Read more at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Melville_E._Ingalls
The Cincinnati, Indianapolis, St. Louis and Chicago Railway (CISL&C) was a railroad in the United States. The CISL&C resulted from the 1880 corporate restructuring of the bankrupt Indianapolis, Cincinnati and Lafayette Railroad (IC&L). The CISL&C operated a railroad line from Cincinnati via Indianapolis to Lafayette, being the result of an 1867 merger of the Indianapolis and Cincinnati Railroad (I&C), the Lafayette and Indianapolis Railroad (L&I), and the Cincinnati and Indiana Railroad (C&I). The three predecessor companies had been founded in 1850, 1846, and 1861, respectively.
The CISL&C controlled and operated numerous subsidiary railway companies operating smaller branch lines. These included:
- Cincinnati, Lafayette and Chicago Railroad, which ran from Templeton, Indiana, to Kenkakee, Illinois. Most notably, through service (1872) with the Illinois Central Railroad via Kankakee, Illinois, eventually became the only Amtrak service that utilized Central Station in Chicago. (Amtrak moved to Union Station in 1972)
- Columbus, Hope and Greensburg Railroad from Columbus, Indiana, to Greensburg, Indiana
- Harrison Branch Railroad
In 1889, the railway merged with the Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati and Indianapolis Railway and the Indianapolis and St Louis Railway to form the Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago and St. Louis Railway, also known collectively as the Big Four. Read more at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cincinnati,_Indianapolis,_St._Louis_and_Chicago_Railway
A stock certificate is issued by businesses, usually companies. A stock is part of the permanent finance of a business. Normally, they are never repaid, and the investor can recover his/her money only by selling to another investor. Most stocks, or also called shares, earn dividends, at the business's discretion, depending on how well it has traded. A stockholder or shareholder is a part-owner of the business that issued the stock certificates.