Southern Pacific Railroad Company - SOLDInv# RS5050
Stock. The Southern Pacific (reporting mark SP) (or Espee from the railroad initials- SP) was an American Class I railroad network that existed from 1865 to 1998 that operated in the Western United States. The system was operated by various companies, the names that represented the Southern Pacific system were Southern Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Company and Southern Pacific Transportation Company. The original Southern Pacific began in 1865 as a land holding company. The last incarnation of the Southern Pacific, the Southern Pacific Transportation Company, was founded in 1969 and took over the Southern Pacific system. The Southern Pacific Transportation Company was taken over by the Union Pacific Corporation and merged with their Union Pacific Railroad. The Southern Pacific Transportation Company was the surviving railroad as it absorbed the Union Pacific Railroad and changed its name to "Union Pacific Railroad", the Southern Pacific Transportation Company is now the current incarnation of the Union Pacific Railroad. The Southern Pacific legacy founded important hospitals in San Francisco, Tucson, Arizona, and elsewhere. In the 1970s, it also founded a telecommunications network with a state-of-the-art microwave and fiber optic backbone. This telecommunications network became part of Sprint, a company whose name came from the acronym for Southern Pacific Railroad Internal Networking Telephony. States of operation: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Tennessee, Texas, Utah In 1840, work began on a railroad from Harrisburg to the Brazos River that was later chartered as the Harrisburg Rail Road and Trading Company. Although this company subsequently failed, and its charter lapsed, this was the first attempt to build a railroad over a route that later became a part of the Southern Pacific. The decade of the 1850s, however, saw the construction of five railroads that were later acquired by the Southern Pacific. Work on the Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado Railway began in 1851, and by late 1860 the line was open from Harrisburg to Alleyton. The BBB&C was not only the first railroad to operate in Texas, but also the first component of the Southern Pacific to begin operating. It is also generally considered to have been the second railroad west of the Mississippi River. By early 1861 the Houston and Texas Central (originally the Galveston and Red River Railway Company) was operating between Houston and Millican, while the Texas and New Orleans (originally the Sabine and Galveston Bay Railroad and Lumber Company) was completed between Houston and Orange. The Washington County Rail Road between Hempstead and Brenham and the San Antonio and Mexican Gulf Railroad from Port Lavaca to Victoria were also built during this period. Although all five suffered from a lack of capital, the companies had constructed over 300 miles of track during the decade, and only the outbreak of the Civil War halted further construction. In 1867 work resumed on the Houston and Texas Central. The company reached Dallas on July 8, 1872, and, on March 15, 1873, Red River City, where connection was made with the Missouri, Kansas and Texas Railway. This connection was the first between the rail system of Texas and the expanding national network. The Houston and Texas Central acquired the Washington County in 1869 and extended the line to Austin, where the last spike was driven on 2:30 P.M. on Christmas Day 1871. The Texas and New Orleans became the western end of the first all-rail route to New Orleans when the connecting Louisiana Western was completed on August 26, 1880. The Buffalo Bayou, Brazos and Colorado was renamed the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio on July 27, 1870. Construction of the San Antonio extension began in 1873, and rails reached the Alamo City on February 7, 1877. Work on the Mexican and Pacific extension between San Antonio and El Paso was underway when the GH&SA passed into the control of the Southern Pacific in July 1881. The last of the antebellum railroads, the San Antonio and Mexican Gulf, was combined with the Indianola Railroad Company on April 22, 1871, to form the Gulf, Western Texas and Pacific. (By Hendler, 2018). Information provided by Wikipedia.
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